I normally write with an emphasis on what is going on in North America, but in the digital world a scam can travel thousands of miles with a click of a mouse, or probably more frequently a "bot."
Most of the scams I see don't vary much from country to country.
Ran into this interesting educational tool provided by the Australian Competition and Consumer Commission on how to identify and not fall victim of fraudsters a.k.a. scammers. After reading it, I found a lot of great information in here that is a worthwhile read for anyone interested in the wide variety of scams that are out there.
In their own words:
The little black book of scams highlights a variety of popular scams that regularly target Australian consumers and small business in areas such as fake lotteries, internet shopping, mobile phones, online banking, employment and investment opportunities. It also offers consumers tips on how to protect themselves from scams, what they can do to minimise damage if they do get scammed and how they can report a scam.
The entire book can be downloaded free of charge, here.